Seen from the air, the Almeida village, classified as a historical village, looks like a 12 edge star, as many as the bulwarks and ravelins that surround the area with a perimeter of 2500 meters.
This notable fortress was built in the 17th and 18th centuries, around a medieval castle, on a very important place as a strategic defence point of the region - a plateau at about 12km from the border with Spain, defined by the Alcanices Treaty in 1297, when Almeida got into Portuguese domain. There are several versions for the origin of the name Almeida. Many say it is a Moorish name, a derivation from the term “Al Mêda” which means “table”, as the settlement is located on a wide plateau.
Almeida is one of the best examples of a military bulwark in Portugal. Almeida was the stage to numerous battles, such as the Restoration Wars of the 17th century and to the French Invasions of the 19th century, among others.
In the Fortress interior, it is worth visiting the harmonious set of typical houses, the many religious buildings throughout the narrow streets that keep the charming ambiance of ancient times.